Background: Fecal occult blood tests (FOBT) are inappropriately used in patients with melena, hematochezia, coffee ground emesis, iron deficiency anemia, and diarrhea. The use of FOBT for reasons other than screening for colorectal cancer is considered low-value and unnecessary. Methods: Quality Improvement Project that utilized education, Best Practice Advisory (BPA) and modification of order sets in the electronic health record (EHR). The interventions were done in a sequential order based on the Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) method. An annotated run chart was used to analyze the collected data. Results: Education and Best Practice Advisory within the EHR led to significant reduction in the use of FOBT in the ED. The interventions eventually led to a consensus and removal of FOBT from the order set of the EHR for patients in the ED and hospital units. Conclusions: The use of electronic BPA, education and modification of order sets in the EHR can be effective at de-implementing unnecessary tests and procedures like FOBT in the ED and hospital units.
Ajumobi, Adewale; De Castro, Joline; and Qureshi, Ammar
"De-implementation of Fecal Occult Blood Testing in the Emergency Department and Hospital Units: A Quality Improvement Project,"
Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives: Vol. 14:
1, Article 3.
Available at: https://scholarlycommons.gbmc.org/jchimp/vol14/iss1/3