ABSTRACT Background and Objectives: In recent years, immune-checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) particularly atezolizumab is on the rise in treating advanced malignancies. With its increased clinical use, various electrolyte abnormalities have been reported in the literature. In this review, we have addressed the question of significant electrolyte abnormalities associated with atezolizumab. Materials and Methods: Following PRISMA guidelines, we performed a thorough literature search in four databases including PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, and Clinicaltrials.gov. We included only randomized controlled trials from 2010 till March 2021. After a comprehensive screening of 1587 articles, we selected 14 articles for our review and tabulated the results. Following MeSH terms were used: “electrolyte abnormalities”, “immune checkpoint inhibitors”, “atezolizumab”. Results: Non-small cell lung cancer (n=1270) and metastatic urothelial carcinoma (n=1164) were the most common malignancies among 3160 patients. The most common electrolyte abnormality was hypomagnesemia (4.7%). Hyponatremia, hypophosphatemia, hypercalcemia and hypokalemia were found in 2.3%, 0.63%, 0.25% and 0.06% patients respectively. For patients taking atezolizumab, hypomagnesemia was most frequently found in non-small cell lung carcinoma patients (9.4%), while urothelial metastatic carcinoma patients most commonly had hyponatremia (5.15%). Hypokalemia though insignificant was observed only in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (2.85%). Conclusion: Since the use of atezolizumab is on the rise for the treatment of various cancers, more studies need to be conducted to better understand its safety and toxicity profile.
Rafae, Abdul; Ali, Sundas; Sana, Muhammad Khawar; Rana, Farhan Khalid; Ibrahim, Ahmed; Ahmed, Zahoor; Jan, Ali; Ehsan, Hamid; Fatima, Tehreem; and Kunadi, Arvind
"Electrolyte Abnormalities Associated With The Use of Atezolizumab – A Systematic Review,"
Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives: Vol. 12:
2, Article 8.
Available at: https://scholarlycommons.gbmc.org/jchimp/vol12/iss2/8