Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) burden has been identified to cause multiorgan damage. Respiratory compromise is still one of the most common presentations, but cardiac injuries like myocardial injury, ischemia, and conduction abnormalities are also becoming prevalent. We present a case of an 87-year-old male with a history of dementia, type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, chronic kidney disease, and a left kidney transplant hospitalized for respiratory distress and generalized tonic-clonic seizures. He was bradycardic to 27 beats per minute, hypotensive with mean arterial pressure(EKG) depicted a high-grade atrioventricular block (AV-block). The transvenous pacemaker was placed via femoral access and tested positive for COVID-19. Work-up was done to rule out possible causes of bradycardia, like hypothyroidism, ischemia, AV nodal blocking agents, and drug-induced bradycardia was negative. His hospital stay got complicated by methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) pneumonia leading to empyema and bacteremia. Unfortunately, being critically ill, the family opted for comfort measures, and he passed away. Our clinical vignette signifies cardiovascular complications in COVID-19 patients are associated with poor outcomes if not addressed. The conduction abnormalities in patients with intact cardiac structure and function are becoming more common in the setting of COVID infection. Assessment with serial EKGs and cardiac monitoring might be essential as patients can develop AV blocks at any point of the disease.
Boadla, Marlon Eliu Rivera; Naeem, Azka; Kumari, Sapna; Uddin, Syed Mohammad Mazhar; Farooqui, Arafat; Maheshwari, Sanjay; Seitllari, Armando; Haq, Zara; Khan, Muhammad Hashim; Epstein, David J.; Singh, Sehajpreet; Hollander, Gerald; and Kumar, Kelash
"Third-Degree Heart Block in COVID-19 Pneumonia Complicated by Methicillin- Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) Bacteremia. A case report and review of literature,"
Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives: Vol. 13:
6, Article 18.
Available at: https://scholarlycommons.gbmc.org/jchimp/vol13/iss6/18