Background: Statins are the primary drug used to reduce morbidity and mortality for cardiovascular disease. However, many type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients who are currently not on a statin would otherwise qualify. Therefore, we investigated the proportion of T2DM patients on a statin compared to the total number of T2DM patients eligible to be on a statin. We also examined potential barriers that prevent T2DM patients from being prescribed statins by physicians. Methods: A retrospective chart study on family medicine patients collected data on age, race, cholesterol readings, blood pressure, and whether the patient was on blood pressure medications, aspirin, and/or a statin. The information gathered was used to determine the patients’ 10-year risk of cardiovascular disease. A survey was given to residents and faculty to assess the cost, side effects, and other behavioral factors had on a patients’ choice to be on a statin. Results: Among the 706 T2DM patients, we found that a large proportion (75.2%) were both eligible and prescribed a statin according to the American Health Association Guidelines. In addition, over 58% of the patients had 0%-25% 10-year risk of cardiovascular disease risk. Among the 14 family medicine physicians surveyed, the fear of or history of side effects with statin medications were the greatest barriers to starting statins. Conclusion: The large proportion of family medicine patients that were eligible were prescribed a statin. According to the survey, physicians believe that the greatest barrier for a patient starting on a statin is the fear of or history of side effects with statin medications.
Dunn, Keegan; Kopel, Jonathan; Diab, Mousab; and Babb, Franklyn
"Analyzing and improving the utilization of statin drugs in family medicine patients with type II diabetes,"
Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives: Vol. 13:
3, Article 6.
Available at: https://scholarlycommons.gbmc.org/jchimp/vol13/iss3/6