As the novel COVID-19 pandemic was on the rise, its impact on the healthcare system was devastating. Patients became more reluctant to present to the hospital and elective procedures were being postponed for patient safety. We wanted to assess the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the door-to-device time in our small community hospital in the heart of Trenton, New Jersey. We created a retrospective study that evaluated all STEMI cases that presented to our institute from January 2018 until the end of May, 2021. Our primary outcome was the door-to-device time. Secondary outcomes were the length of hospital stay, ICU admission, length of ICU stay, cardiac arrest, and death during the hospitalization. We studied 114 patients that presented with STEMI to our emergency department, 77 of these patients presented pre-COVID-19, and 37 presented during the pandemic. Our median door-to-device for STEMI cases pre-COVID-19, and during the pandemic were 70 minutes (IQR 84-57) and 70 minutes (IQR 88- 59) respectively with no significant difference found (P-value 0.55, Mann Whitney Test). It is, however, interesting to note that the number of STEMI admissions significantly decreased during the pandemic era. There are limitations to our study, most noticeably the number of STEMI cases at our small community hospital which limits its generalizability. Moreover, we did not assess other comorbidities which might have confounded our outcomes and we were also unable to follow patients post-discharge to assess the long-term sequela of their STEMI admission. Therefore, more dedicated studies of this clinical conundrum are required to further assess and implement guidelines for the future.
Thomas, Pravin; Wasef, Natale; Haq, Muhammed Salman Ul; Aziz, Ahmed Ali; Bchech, George; Elkhouly, Ahmed; Malak, Michael; Debari, Vincent; and Kaplan, Adam
"Comparison of STEMI Door-to-Device Time during the COVID-19 crisis in a New Jersey Inner City Community Hospital,"
Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives: Vol. 13:
1, Article 2.
Available at: https://scholarlycommons.gbmc.org/jchimp/vol13/iss1/2