Thromboembolic manifestations like pulmonary embolism and deep venous thrombosis are often reported and contribute to a significant mortality from acute and chronic COVID-19 infections. These phenomena are a result of the activation of the coagulation cascade by the COVID-19 induced inflammatory state.
Majority of the thrombotic incidences are reported as a venous thrombosis but extremely rarely, arterial thrombi can be a manifestation of acute COVID-19 infection.
The patient in our case report was an unvaccinated 47-year-old female who presented with fever, nausea, abdominal pain and vomiting. The imaging confirmed the presence of a non-occlusive thrombus in the descending aorta, multiple splenic infarctions and paralytic ileus. She was treated with systemic anti-coagulation. A hyper-coagulable workup was performed on the patient and no other risk factors that could contribute to a thrombus was identified.
Malayala, Srikrishna V; Bukhari, Syed; Vanaparthy, Rachana; Raza, Ambreen; and Akella, Ramya
"A case of COVID-19 induced descending aortic thrombus and splenic infarctions,"
Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives: Vol. 12:
5, Article 17.
Available at: https://scholarlycommons.gbmc.org/jchimp/vol12/iss5/17