Abstract: Background: Pasteurella multocida is a gram-negative pathogen commonly associated with soft tissue infections caused by bites or scratches from household animals. However, Pasteurella multocida infections have been reported without prior zoonotic exposure or associated soft tissue or skin infection in immunocompromised individuals.

Case: A 73-year-old patient with history significant for multiple malignancies including lung cancer presented to the emergency department with a fever, chills, and rigor. Patient denied any zoonotic exposure and did not have any soft tissue or skin structure infection. Laboratory testing and imaging revealed sepsis secondary to pneumonia and further lower respiratory cultures grew Pasteurella. Subsequent laboratory cultures indicated Pasteurella multocida bacteremia.

Conclusion: This case aims to advance awareness of the possibility of Pasteurella multocida infection in patients who do not have any known zoonotic exposure or identifiable skin or soft tissue infection. Nasopharyngeal colonization in immunocompromised individuals could be a source for invasive infection. Patients who have a pre-existing lung disease are susceptible for developing Pasteurella pneumonia, which can serve as the source of bacteremia.

Pastuerella review.docx (12 kB)
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