Patients with diabetes mellitus have diabetic dyslipidemia that occurs due to disturbances in glucose metabolism and can lead to hypertriglyceridemia (HPTG). Severe HPTG is associated with significantly increased risk of developing acute pancreatitis (AP). Acute pancreatitis (AP) is characterized as an inflammatory condition where inactive digestive enzymes become activated causing pancreatic tissue destruction. Hypertriglyceridemia and the inflammatory state that ensues therein also gives rise to a hypercoagulable state in patients with AP. Splenic vein thrombosis (SVT) is a rare complication of both AP and chronic pancreatitis (CP). We report a case of 55-year-old Filipino male with past medical history of hypertension and uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D), who presented with abdominal pain and was found to have diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), and severe HPTG which led to acute pancreatitis, further complicated by SVT requiring anticoagulation. Our case highlights the importance of strict glycemic control among diabetic patients, the prompt management of AP in the setting of HPTG, and treatment of SVT.
Faheem, Beenish; Singh, Balraj; Ashkar, Hamdallah; Kaur, Parminder; Gupta, Sachin; and Maroules, Michael
"Tetrad of DKA, Hypertriglyceridemia induced Pancreatitis and Splenic vein thrombosis,"
Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives: Vol. 12:
1, Article 16.
Available at: https://scholarlycommons.gbmc.org/jchimp/vol12/iss1/16