Intestinal Failure-Associated Liver Disease in Neonates
Intestinal failure-associated liver disease (IFALD) is common in neonates who suffer from intestinal failure and rely on parenteral nutrition. The etiology is multifactorial, relating to the infant's underlying cause of intestinal failure and other infant factors such as prematurity. Management of the disease includes transitioning to enteral feedings as soon as is safe for the infant. In infants who continue to rely on parenteral nutrition, alternative lipid emulsions and other medications may be used. This article reviews the epidemiology and factors that contribute to IFALD in neonates, in addition to management strategies.
Fundora J, Aucott SW. Intestinal Failure-Associated Liver Disease in Neonates. Neoreviews. 2020 Sep;21(9):e591-e599. doi: 10.1542/neo.21-9-e591. PMID: 32873652.