Longitudinal Changes in Scotopic and Mesopic Macular Function as Assessed with Microperimetry in Patients with Stargardt Disease: SMART Study Report No. 2: Short Title: Scotopic and Mesopic Macular Functions in Stargardt Disease
American journal of ophthalmology
Purpose: To estimate and compare cross-sectional scotopic versus mesopic macular sensitivity losses measured by microperimetry, and to report and compare the longitudinal rates of scotopic and mesopic macular sensitivity losses in ABCA4 gene associated Stargardt Disease (STGD1).
Design: Multicenter prospective cohort study.
Methods: Participants: 127 molecular confirmed STGD1 patients enrolled from 6 centers in the USA and Europe and followed every 6 months for up to 2 years.
Observation procedures: The Nidek MP-1S device was used to measure macular sensitivities of the central 20° under mesopic and scotopic conditions. The mean deviations (MD) from normal for mesopic macular sensitivity for the fovea (within 2° eccentricity) and extrafovea (4°-10° eccentricity), and the MD for scotopic sensitivity for the extrafovea were calculated. Linear mixed effects models were used to estimate mesopic and scotopic changes.
Main outcome measures: Baseline mesopic mean deviation (mMD) and scotopic MD (sMD) and rates of longitudinal changes in the mMDs and sMD.
Results: At baseline, all eyes had larger sMD, and the difference between extrafoveal sMD and mMD was 10.7 dB (p<.001). Longitudinally, all eyes showed a statistically significant worsening trend: the rates of foveal mMD and extrafoveal mMD and sMD changes were 0.72 (95%CI: 0.37 to 1.07), 0.86 (95%CI: 0.58 to 1.14) and 1.12 (95%CI: 0.66 to 1.57) dB/year, respectively.
Conclusions: In STGD1, in extrafovea, loss of scotopic macular function preceded and was faster than the loss of mesopic macular function. Scotopic and mesopic macular sensitivities using microperimetry provide alternative visual function outcomes for STGD1 treatment trials.
Kong, X; Ibrahim-Ahmed, M; Bittencourt, MG; Strauss, RW; Birch, DC; Cideciyan, Artur V.; Ervin, Ann-Margret; Ho, A; Sunness, Janet S.; Audo, IS; Michaelides, M; Zrenner, Eberhart; Sadda, SriniVas R.; Ip, MS; West, S; Scholl, HPN; and Group, SMART Study, "Longitudinal Changes in Scotopic and Mesopic Macular Function as Assessed with Microperimetry in Patients with Stargardt Disease: SMART Study Report No. 2: Short Title: Scotopic and Mesopic Macular Functions in Stargardt Disease" (2021). Ophthalmology. 28.