Prolapse and mesh reoperations following sacrocolpopexy: comparing supracervical hysterectomy, total hysterectomy, and no hysterectomy

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International urogynecology journal


Introduction and hypothesis: Sacrocolpopexy is effective for apical prolapse repair and is often performed with hysterectomy. It is unknown whether supracervical or total hysterectomy at time of sacrocolpopexy influences prolapse recurrence and mesh complications. The primary objective of this study is to compare reoperations for recurrent prolapse after sacrocolpopexy with either supracervical hysterectomy or total hysterectomy, or without concomitant hysterectomy. We also sought to compare these three groups for the incidence of mesh complications and describe cervical interventions following supracervical hysterectomy.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study of sacrocolpopexy was performed using the MarketScan® Research Database. Women > 18 years who underwent sacrocolpopexy between 2010 to 2014 were identified. Utilizing diagnostic and procedural codes, reoperations for prolapse and mesh complications were identified. Women with < 2 years of follow-up were excluded.

Results: From 2010 to 2014, 3463 women underwent sacrocolpopexy with at least 2 years of follow-up, 910 (26.3%) with supracervical hysterectomy, 1243 (35.9%) with total hysterectomy, and 1310 (37.8%) without hysterectomy. Reoperations for prolapse were similar after supracervical hysterectomy (1.5%), after total hysterectomy (1.1%, p = 0.40), and without hysterectomy (1.5%, p = 0.98). Mesh complications after sacrocolpopexy were similar after supracervical hysterectomy (1.8%), after total hysterectomy (1.5%, p = 0.68), and without hysterectomy (2.8%, p = 0.11). Following supracervical hysterectomy, 0.9% underwent cervical procedures.

Conclusions: When comparing supracervical and total hysterectomy at time of sacrocolpopexy, there were no significant differences in reoperations for recurrent prolapse, reoperations for mesh complications, or mesh complication diagnoses. This study shows that surgeons can be reassured on performing hysterectomy with sacrocolpopexy.



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