Microscopic polyangiitis: an incidental finding in a patient with stroke
Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) is a primary systemic vasculitis characterized by inflammation of small-sized vessels associated with the presence of anti-neutrophilic cytoplasmic antibodies. We report a case of a 39-year-old female diagnosed with microscopic polyangiitis as an incidental finding who presented with signs and symptoms of a stroke at a young age. Usually, it presents with fever, malaise, skin rash, weight loss, mononeuritis multiplex, and arthralgia/myalgia. Very rarely, it can involve meninges to cause meningeal vasculitis which can present as a febrile seizure. The most frequent neurological manifestation is peripheral neuropathy. Cerebral infarction or hemorrhage as an isolated finding is very rarely observed in the patient with MPA as was seen in our patient.
Tauseef A, Asghar MS, Amir M, Zafar M, Anum A, Alvi H, Dawood M, Rasheed U, Akram M, Ahmed N. Microscopic polyangiitis: an incidental finding in a patient with stroke. J Community Hosp Intern Med Perspect. 2020 Feb 10;10(1):50-54. doi: 10.1080/20009666.2020.1718479. PMID: 32128059; PMCID: PMC7034484.